Integration of renewable energy is transforming the electric grid in an increasingly significant way. As the power sector faces mounting pressure to decarbonize and expand its resources, we're noticing a significant shift away from conventional fossil fuels. To ensure the grid is ready to meet the growing momentum of clean energy technologies, state-of-art integration along with grid modernization and visions for future designs is needed.

Energy efficiency and renewable energy sources project as a significant issues especially regarding energy supply security and maintaining the balance between environment and sustainability. Enhancing energy efficiency and renewable energy sources saves money and reduces carbon emissions and decreases dependency on fossil fuels. To advance clean air standards and energy security, there's greater attention on renewable energy integration, with more and more stakeholders invested in exploring the most effective and cost-effective ways to supply variable renewable energy to the grid.

Grid integration of renewable energy is the key element of planning for a reliable, cost-effective, and efficient electricity system with cleaner new energy generators. This involves where it is built, how it is optimized, and how it is used to drive carbon-free power generation. This helps provide grid operators with insight into the situation and monitoring capabilities they need to plan and manage a constantly changing energy resource mix.

The way forward involves evaluating long-term demands and evaluating pathways for efficient execution. It also involves assessing, scheduling, and optimizing future energy market design using enhanced modelling and simulation to understand the functional connections to renewable energy availability, generator performance, grid reliability, and electricity delivery to customers.

Grid integration of clean energy incorporates building flexibility against threats, such as natural calamities and cyber threats. It also includes addressing the challenges, such as instantaneous to occasional inaccessibility of renewable resources. By developing solutions and remedial action across both information technology and operational technology systems, we can prepare for a cleaner, greener, and stronger energy landscape.

Renewable-Grid Integration for a Carbon-Free Future

The grid integration area to build a cleaner, more resilient, and more secure power grid includes the following:

  • • Improving modelling, control, and enhancement capabilities for the renewable-dominated power grid, leveraging power electronics and data analytics capabilities.
  • • Evaluating renewable energy system performance using innovative modern prediction capabilities.
  • • Advancing prediction capabilities to help the advancement of networks to resist natural calamities such as tsunamis, wildfires, hurricanes, etc., or asynchronous supplies.
  • • Evaluating geographical value within the grid, with a focus on novel technologies where the value is not well understood or represented.
  • • Maximizing interconnected technologies, such as generators, electric load, storage, etc., at various scales to enhance operations and efficiency, lowering costs and the need for peaking or emitting facilities.
  • • Evaluating meter, microgrid, feeder, substation, and community-scale networks for planning and optimization.
  • • Progressing new economic frameworks that enclose a full range of renewable energy services and costs rather than focusing on traditional energy resources.
  • • Analyzing models, data, costs, and assumptions within grid and utility processes to ensure equitable treatment, reasonable time, and cost for interconnection and to notify how technology can be designed and certified for more positive integration.

The future of renewable energy integration looks very promising. As the energy sector shifts away from traditional fossil fuels, renewable generation is expected to grow, and renewable technology will continue to advance. Renewables are quickly changing the power sector, with wind and solar energy leading. Renewable energy makes up for around 22% of global power generation and is likely to double in the next 15 years, as stated by the International Renewable Energy Association. This is mainly due to the fast growth of variable renewable energy from solar and wind.